New Camera? Update The Camera Profiles In Your Lightroom Presets

If you follow me on twitter, you know that I recently picked up another camera, the Fujifilm X100T.  The X100T is my first new camera in years. It’s been so long since I’ve used a different camera in Lightroom, in fact, that I had forgotten that my standard develop preset included a camera profile for my other camera.

Lightroom uses camera profiles the extrapolate color information when it processes raw files. By default, Lightroom applies an Adobe Standard profile, but you can select a different profile for your camera by navigating to the Develop module and finding the Camera Calibration tab.

adobe lightroom camera calibration

Lightroom Fanatic – Camera Calibration

In my case, since my preset included a profile specific to a different camera, when I applied the preset to the images from my X100T, Lightroom defaulted to the Adobe Standard profile. In my experience, though, the standard profile is usually not the best profile for getting the best color out of a raw file, so I will usually select a the camera standard profile and include that in my starter preset.

adobe lightroom camera calibration

Lightroom Fanatic – Camera Specific Profiles

As an added benefit, for most cameras, the camera-specific profiles also include the color presets that are available on the camera itself. So if you like the Classic Chrome filter on the X100T, you can apply it as a camera profile inside Lightroom.

philadelphia reading terminal market classic chrome

Lightroom Fanatic – Fuji Classic Chrome

If you include camera profiles in your presets and you want to apply similar settings to the images from your new camera, you can easily create a new preset for the new camera. Apply your existing preset to an image, change the camera profile for the new camera, then save the settings as a new preset. You can create a folder for each camera, or you can add a camera identifier to the preset name.

Happy shooting with that new camera!

Big Lightroom Catalog? Make Sure Backblaze Is Backing It Up!

As Lightroom has continued to mature, it’s now possible to have very large catalogs without sacrificing stability. As you add more images, though, the file size of the catalog grows exponentially since Lightroom stores not only the edits made to each image but the history and metadata, as well. I’ve talked to some photographers that are using catalogs that are more than 4 GB big.

As your catalog starts to run in to the multiple-GB zone, you should make sure that its size is not causing it to be passed over by your backup solution. I use Backblaze, and one of the options it uses to help streamline the backup process is to ignore very large files. At some point, the default setting might cause Backblaze to start ignoring your Lightroom catalog.

To check this setting, open your Backblaze settings and navigate to the Exclusions tab. At the bottom is an option that specifies the maximum size of files that will be backed up. The default is 4000 MB, which is 4 GB. For some of my photographer friends, this default setting meant that their livelihood might have been at risk.

lightroom backblaze exclusion catalog

Lightroom Fanatic > Backblaze Backup Exclusions

To change the limit, simply select a larger value from the drop down, which steps up to 9GB, 25GB, and the ultimate, “No Limit”. Remember, though, that this is a global setting, so if you have large video files or other data that was previously excluded by the size limit, it will also now get picked up by Backblaze which might slow down your backup. If so, you can always add the file type to the exclusion list to prevent them from being backed up.

Bonus Tip – Verify Your Backup

If you want to verify that your catalog is being backed up, you can log in to the Backblaze website and look at your files. Navigate to View / Restore Files and then find your Lightroom catalog file. Check the size and modified attributes to make sure that your backup is current.

lightroom backblaze catalog file list

Lightroom Fanatic > Backblaze Backup File List

You can also select the file and download a copy of it as a zip file to test it out and make sure that the Backblaze copy isn’t corrupt in the event of a data disaster.

I use Backblaze to keep my computer and attached storage automatically backed up. It’s nonintrusive, fast, secure, and starting at only $5/month, it’s a no-brainer. Rest easy knowing that your files are backed up by signing up for BlackBlaze today.

Get BackBlaze Today!

Excluding Lightroom Previews and Smart Previews From Your Backblaze Backup

I was asked an question by Matt on Twitter about backing up my Lightroom Smart Previews with Backblaze. Matt tweeted:

Nice mobile wkflw. How do you exclude Smart Previews from backing up to Backblaze? Aren’t’ SP baked into respective catalogs?

Where I think Matt was going with his question was that the Smart Preview file can get pretty big and, especially with the initial backup, can slow down the entire backup process. Excluding the Smart Preview file from the backup could help get that initial backup done and make subsequent backups more streamlined, especially since those files can change often.

Personally, I include the Smart Preview and Preview files in my Backblaze backup because I have unlimited storage and a fast internet connection. But the data in both of these files is very transitory. The most important files to back up are the ones that can’t be recreated and, for Lightroom, that’s your catalog file along with your original image files. The other files, including the Preview and Smart Preview file, can be recreated if you have a good catalog and the original images, so backing them up is not as critical as the catalog file. If you are working with a slower connection or do have storage constraints, excluding the preview files from your backup might be a good option.

Currently, Backblaze doesn’t provide a way to pick specific files to exclude from the backup, but you can exclude files of a certain type. Lightroom uses the .lrcat extension for the catalog, and a .lrdat extension for both the Preview and Smart Preview files, which means you simply need to add “lrdat” to the Blackblaze exclusion screen.

Open up your Backblaze preferences screen and navigate to the Exclusions tab. Find the file types box at the bottom of the dialog screen and add “,lrdat” to the list. Backblaze will no longer back up any files that end with .lrdat, which means both the Previews and Smart Previews, but it will still back up your catalog file, since that ends in .lrcat.

backblaze lightroom catalog smart preview exclusion lrcat lrdat

Lightroom Fanatic > Backblaze Exclusions

Thanks for the question, Matt. I hope thhis helps. Remember, if you have a question for me, reach out to me on Twitter at @lrfanatic!


I use Backblaze to keep my computer and attached storage automatically backed up. It’s nonintrusive, fast, secure, and starting at only $5/month, it’s a no-brainer. Rest easy knowing that your files are backed up by signing up for BlackBlaze today.

Get BackBlaze Today!

How To Find Your TIFF (or PSD) Files In Your Lightroom Catalog

Sometimes when I’m sending files to Photomatix or to Photoshop from Lightroom, I create an intermediary TIFF file. That was especially true running an older version of Photoshop where I couldn’t send a raw or Photoshop file.

Normally, I’m very tidy and I clean up after myself, but occasionally files get stranded or are missed in the cleanup process, so I wanted to come up with a way to find those files in my catalog so that I could clean them up myself. Fortunately, the Lightroom Library Filter lets me do just that.

The Lightroom Library Filter

The Library Filter provides options to search for images using a lot of different criteria. In my case, I know that the files I want to find end with either TIF or TIFF, so I clicked on the Text filter, then change the Text dropdown to Filename.

The next dropdown tells Lightroom how to apply your search term to the filename. One of the options is Ends With, which sounds like it would do exactly what we wanted since our files end with TIF or TIFF. However, with Ends With, Lightroom won’t take multiple criteria and it won’t take a wildcard, so I couldn’t find both TIF and TIFF.

If I was looking for one specific file type, however, like all my Photoshop files, the Ends With works great.

adobe lightroom filter psd photoshop

Lightroom Fanatic – Photoshop File Finder

In order to find both my TIF and TIFF images in one filter, instead of using Ends With, I selected Contains. Now, the search criteria can contain both TIF and TIFF. However, it will look for those terms anywhere in the file name. So it would return a raw NEF file named “My-Aunt-Tif.nef”, which I don’t want. I still want to enforce the “ends with” logic but in the “contains” framework. That’s where the + modifier comes in. Sure, in every other search language, the + means “must include” but in the land of Lightroom, putting the + before a search term means it should begin with that term. Putting it at the end of a search term means it should end with that term. That means if I use “tif+ tiff+” as my search criteria for a Contains search, it will find files that end with TIF or end with TIFF, which is exactly what I want.

lightroom filter contains tiff tif

Lightroom Fanatic – Filter for TIF and TIFF

For giggles, I can also add a “psd+” to show all my TIF, TIFF, and Photoshop files.

adobe lightroom filter for tif tiff psd search

Lightroom Fanatic – Filter for TIF, TIFF, and PSD


That’s all there is to it! Happy filtering!

Bonus Tip

Because I’ve only shot Nikon and I only shoot raw, I wanted to see what other files were in my catalog. To do that, I created a negative filter using the Nikon NEF extension. Again choosing the filename option, I selected Ends with and entered “!NEF”. The exclamation mark is the “not” operator, so the filter looks for files that don’t end with NEF, which is every non-Nikon raw file.

adobe lightroom filter not nef raw

Lightroom Fanatic – “Not” NEF Filter



The Difference Between Flow And Density In Lightroom

Previously, I posted an explanation of the different sliders available with the adjustment brush. I’ve had a few questions come in asking for more clarification about the difference between the flow and density sliders in Lightroom so, in this post, I’ll talk about each more in depth.


Flow, as it sounds, controls the speed at which the adjustment is applied to your image when painting with the brush. When your flow is at 100, the effect from the adjustment brush happens very quickly; one stroke of the brush applies the full effect. With a lower flow, it will take longer for the effect to be completely applied. That’s a handy tool when you’re trying to slowly apply and control the effect on an image.

I’ve seen other tutorials suggest that with a flow of 50 that you can reach the full effect by painting over an area twice, but in practice, I’m not sure that’s true based on how the effect i actually applied. Check out the illustration below. Two brush strokes do not achieve the full effect, at least not consistently. I needed to make multiple passes at 50% flow to get the full effect.

Lightroom Fanatic - Adjustment Brush Flow

Lightroom Fanatic – Adjustment Brush Flow

Try it yourself. On an image, set the exposure to -4 and the flow to 50. Without moving the mouse, click once to apply the effect. With each click, it should darken. After about 12 clicks, it was hard to distinguish from the 100% flow.

adobe lightroom adjustment brush flow density

Lightroom Fanatic – Adjustment Brush Flow Sample


Density, however, puts a cap on how much of an effect is applied. A density value of 50 caps the effect at 50%. For example, if your effect applies a +2 exposure, a 50% density means that, no matter how long you paint the effect, it will never get more of a change than a +1. The example below shows a 100% density adjustment of a -2 exposure, a 50% density adjustment with the same exposure value, and a -1 exposure applied with 100% density. The last two should be, and are, identical.

Lightroom Fanatic - Adjustment Brush Density

Lightroom Fanatic – Adjustment Brush Density

So why use density at all? Why not just adjust the sliders to match the target effect? That’s a great question! If you’re just messing with the exposure or a single adjustment, it’s probably easy enough to do just that. However, if you’re applying a combination of adjustments with your brush and you want to apply a lighter touch to one piece of an image, instead of trying to figure out the right rations to adjust all the sliders, you can simply adjust the one density slider and soften the effect. When you move to another section of the image that can take a harder adjustment, you can simply move the density slider back up.

Combining Flow And Density

The more comfortable you get with using both sliders, the more you’re likely to use them to in your workflow. The ultimate in brush control comes from combining the flow and density sliders to both control the rate at which an effect is applied and to limit its impact on an image. The adjustment brush is one of the most powerful ways to take your image from good to great by isolating adjustments to where they are needed. Mastery of the adjustment brush and effectively and efficiently using it as a part of your workflow will help you get the most out of Lightroom.